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  1. Advancements in Technology for Reduction of Pesticides Used in Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-538

    drone can automatically navigate hills and slopes. The cost of a spraying drone varies between $5,000 ... weeds to be sprayed, nutrient stress levels, a vineyard’s or orchard’s canopy characteristics (new, old, ... gaps between vines or trees), areas infested by insects and diseases, and canopy development throughout ...

  2. Angular Leaf Spot of Strawberry (Bacterial Blight)

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-3212-11

    caused by the bacterium  Xanthomonas fragariae. This bacterium does not survive freely in the soil but ... instead survives on previously infected dead leaves on or in the soil. Crowns of systemically infected ... surfaces, high relative humidity, moderate daytime temperatures (~68°F), and nighttime temperatures near ...

  3. Sustainable Fertilizers for Containerized Floriculture Crops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-1259

    the result of a high-quality compost process. When applied to substrates, these products are degraded ... influence nutrient availability. In fact, temperature and water availability are crucial: soils that are too ... levels above acceptable levels making electrical conductivity (EC) monitoring very important. Numerous ...

  4. Collecting and Submitting a Turfgrass Sample to the Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-3087-10

    shipping information are correct. Step 1: Collecting the Sample For "high-cut turf " such as ... healthy (unaffected) and sick (infected) turf. This allows a comparison to be made between the healthy ... both high-cut turf and golf-course samples, be sure the sample includes roots. Many people might not ...

  5. Overexertion Causing Secondary Injury

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-981.5

    the limitation of another body part. Overexertion injury is likely to occur in four ways. High force ... other guidelines to reduce the risks of overexertion injuries: Ask for help when moving heavy objects. ... and have vibration-reducing features. Reduce total exposure to vibration by alternating between tasks ...

  6. Determining Location of Cellulosic Ethanol Plants in Ohio Based on Availability of Crop Residues

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-650

    showed that two clusters in western Ohio, each encompassing 17 counties with a collection radius of 50 ... cellulosic ethanol production will likely be in high demand in the future. Other regions of Ohio with fewer ... availability of major crop residues (sustainable amount per square mile) in Ohio at the county level (Table 1). ...

  7. Secondary Injury Prevention: Heat Stress

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-981.4-10

    disease, and taking certain medications can be at higher risk to a heat stress injury. The most serious are ... include: Heat stroke • The body's temperature rises to critical levels. • Confusion, irrational ... behavior, loss of consciousness, convulsions, lack of sweating, hot dry skin, and abnormally high body ...

  8. Brown Patch on Turfgrass

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-3084

    fungicide applications are made for managing the disease on highly cultivated turfgrass such as golf course ... as being facultative parasites. The fungus survives on decaying organic matter or in soil, but will ... height, soil, and environmental conditions. In low cut turfgrass, symptoms appear as irregular, blighted ...

  9. Biopesticide Controls of Plant Diseases: Resources and Products for Organic Farmers in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-18

    biopesticides may require a high level of understanding and knowledge of the diseases and pathogens that they ... published in the Plant Disease Management Reports and Biological Control Tests Database between 2000 and ... abilities to grow and market high-quality produce. Approved organic products for plant disease control ...

  10. Sprayers for Effective Pesticide Application in Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-533

    environmentally friendly application of pesticides. A much higher-level decision-making process is required when ... the required gallonage (gal/acre) to the nozzles. Ensure that hoses and fittings between the pump and ... characteristics (height, depth, density). The width of the distance between rows of canopy. The size of the area ...

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