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  1. Pulsed Electric Field Processing Applications in the Food Industry

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fst-fabe-1002

    field (PEF) processing is a new food pasteurization method that uses short bursts of high voltage ... Does PEF Work? PEF processing applies high voltage pulses (20–80 kV/cm) with a duration of milliseconds ... to microseconds to treat liquid foods placed between two electrodes (Zhang et al. 2010; Toepfl, ...

  2. Soil Testing for Ohio Lawns, Landscapes, Fruit Crops, and Vegetable Gardens

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1132

    soil test will provide information on soil pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), lime requirement index ... Natural Resources Soil tests provide more helpful information on soils than any other resource. It is an ... vegetable gardens and fruit crops. Soil test results pinpoint plant nutrient needs and soil test lab ...

  3. Phosphorus (P) Nutrient Use in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-0143

    percent of Ohio counties had decreasing trends in mean soil test P (STP) levels between 1993 and 2015. ... a large degree for given soil test P (STP) values and crop production levels. In instances with the same ... reduced median soil test P (STP) levels across most Ohio counties from 1995 to 2015 supports this finding ...

  4. 2024 Butler County Master Gardener Scholarship Application

    https://butler.osu.edu/program-areas/master-gardener-volunteers/butler-county-master-gardener-scholarship-application

    education/apprenticeship beyond high school. Requirements/explanations are listed on the front of the application  Click ...

  5. Raw Oat Safety

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fcs-1006

    with minimal risk to the consumer. Steel cut oats and oat groats are not subject to the additional heat ... diet: a persistent risk for celiac patients References Food Network. (2021). What Are Rolled Oats? ...

  6. Establishing Early Successional Habitat for Wildlife

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/w-23

    the area to plant, take a soil sample to determine present nutrient levels and the need for additional ... establishment and growth. If your soil test indicates a need for lime, apply it before the soil is tilled so it ... applied at planting based on soil test recommendations. Nitrogen (N) should not be applied at planting ...

  7. Herbicide Injury and the Problem of Spray Drift

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-0137

    but it has a high degree of uptake from the soil and is very persistent. Grape injury has been ... vineyard. Injury, however, may occur if the spray rate is too high when these herbicides are applied to soil ... may provide an acceptable level of weed control while minimizing the risk of severe grape injury as ...

  8. Guidelines for Applying Liquid Animal Manure to Cropland with Subsurface and Surface Drains

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ANR-21

    crumbs on surface in some places. 27,000 gallons/acre 25–50% or Less Soil Moisture Amount to Reach AWC ... 30,000 gallons/acre Somewhat pliable; balls under pressure. 20,000 gallons/acre 50–75% Soil Moisture ... moisture levels that are near or exceeding the soil water holding capacity. The addition of liquid manure ...

  9. Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp Management: It’s All About the Seed

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-76

    only 25 percent germination following year equals 50,000 plants Even assuming 99 percent control that ... the seed last in soil? Approximately 80 percent of the seeds lose viability within the first 12 ... left on the surface, compared with burial 6 inches deep.   Bottom line:  Viable seed levels will ...

  10. Limiting Risks for Your Unborn Baby

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5535

    healthy. Certain substances or dietary habits could classify you as high risk. Some risk factors are ... behaviors are associated with low birth weight, which can lead to low oxygen levels at birth, the inability ... low-carbohydrate diet, the high-protein diet, the starvation diet and the liquid-protein diet. Fad diets often ...

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