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  1. Japanese Beetle

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ENT-46

    spore count must build up for 2 to 3 years to achieve maximum levels. In Ohio and Kentucky, test trials ... usually in high-quality urban turf. Beetle skeletonizing a leaf Hosts The adult beetles are general ... cherry, zinnias and others, although only about 50 species are preferred. Their larvae, called white ...

  2. Spray Irrigation of Reclaimed Wastewater for Rural Homes

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-758

    Septic systems require deep permeable soil of at least 36 inches to treat and safely disperse wastewater ... onsite. However, in almost 85 percent of Ohio’s land area, the soil is too shallow to seasonal water ... where trenches or mounds are dangerous to install. sites with shallow soils to a limiting condition—as ...

  3. Pruning and Care of Tree Wounds

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-3311-09

    well-drained, quality soils, with good texture, structure, and containing adequate levels of organic matter, ... in a high-quality, well-drained soil will go a long way to minimize wound healing problems. If the ... and valuable to homeowners on many levels, they also can pose serious risks if they are not properly ...

  4. Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/aex-594

    Protective Equipment (PPE) creates a barrier between the chemical and the human body. Goggles, rubber gloves ... are safe for handling the high-pressure liquid and its vapor form.  It is imperative that all ... Fixed Liquid Level Gauge —Clean, repair or replace as needed. Liquid Level Float Gauge —Check against ...

  5. Soil Terminology and Definitions

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-19

    of soil antecedent biological activity. A high BR generally indicates higher soil microbial activity, ... accumulation in the soil. This index can be used as an early and sensitive indicator of carbon or soil organic ... and macropores leading to soil compaction and decreased soil organic matter levels. Soil compaction ...

  6. Manure and Compost: Nitrogen Availability in Organic Production

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-34

    prevent excessive soil nutrient levels. Volatilization Losses Immediate incorporation or injection of ... Incorporation Bare Soil 40 50 75 90 No Incorporation Standing Crop 20 25 40 50 1 day Bare Soil 10 15 25 50 2 day ... Manure and compost nitrogen content and availability can vary greatly between species of animals that ...

  7. Selecting, Storing, and Serving Ohio Apples

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5507

    around 50 different varieties, including Ohio originals. Each of the Ohio apple varieties possesses its ... = about 3 medium apples 1 pound = approximately 1½ cups applesauce 2 pounds (6–8 apples) = a 9-inch pie ... part of a healthy diet. A medium, raw, 3-inch apple is low in calories (about 95 calories) and contains ...

  8. Brown Spot of Soybeans

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AC-18

    For fields with very high levels of brown spot, plow under soybean straw to promote rapid decay. While ... trifoliate leaves, stems and pods as well as neighboring plants. High moisture and moderate temperatures ... brown spot can cause between 2 to 4 bu in yield loss, rarely is it economically feasible to manage this ...

  9. Crop Nutrition Apps

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-55202

    highly accurate in predicting plant biomass. By utilizing biomass produced per day, yield levels of ... Fast and accurate soil test tool. Lab results come in 5–7 days, aerial imagery of your field, test as ... and controller files.  * Pay to have soil tests sent to Midwest Laboratories. Cost: Free Account ...

  10. Diplodia Tip Blight of Two-Needled Pines

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-tree-03

    horticultural operations. The fungus penetrates through the stomata of new needles, which are highly susceptible ... and wet weather in the spring followed by drought or dry soil conditions during the rest of the year. ... soil, soil nutrient analysis by a reputable lab may be warranted. Building organic soil fertility with ...

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