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  1. mRNA Vaccines: The Next Generation Tool to Fight Infections

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/vme-34

    Process Any new technology used on humans undergoes rigorous testing to ensure it is safe and effective ... – Scientists in the lab test whether their ideas for a vaccine work in laboratory or animal experiments. ... Preclinical testing – Additional laboratory research and testing is conducted using animals to determine how ...

  2. Oak Wilt

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-tree-02

    neighbors, or whenever a high risk of infection exists. High value may be attributed to individual trees or ... infections, thus closing the overland cycle. While insect spread is an important medium to long-range ... dispersal mechanism for this fungus, it is estimated that 90 percent of new infections occur between ...

  3. Using Cover Crops to Improve Soil and Water Quality

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-57

    by reducing soil aggregate breakdown. By slowing down wind speeds at ground level and decreasing the ... N uptake with grasses. Legumes accumulate N longer in the spring but with high soil N, legume N fixation ... these changes if soil compaction is high and soil quality is low. Soil Temperature Living cover crops ...

  4. Selecting, Storing, and Serving Ohio Eggplant

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5517

    shaped. For the best quality, choose one that is of medium size (3 to 4 inches in diameter). Other ... recommendations. The recommendations below are approximations. 1 medium eggplant = about 1½ pounds 1 pound fresh ... the vegetable crisper of your refrigerator at 45–50 degrees Fahrenheit. Your refrigerator should be ...

  5. Best Management Practices for Boom Spraying

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-527

    Application type Some pesticides are highly volatile and may require incorporation into soil after ... crop, wastes chemicals and money, and increases the risk of polluting the environment. Achieving ... a spray classification category (i.e., very fine, fine, medium, coarse, very coarse, extremely coarse). ...

  6. Protecting Pollinators While Using Pesticides

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-68

    the forecast. Do not use in areas where water table is shallow. Table C: Highly Toxic to Bees. Medium ... that feed on the pest. IPM offers options for pest management with the least amount of risk. If further ... important part of an IPM plan, and risks can be minimized by using the product according to the label. In ...

  7. Growing Broccoli in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1605

    University Extension.   Fertilizing Have the soil tested and analyzed for site specific recommendations on ... vegetable a great source of antioxidants and highly valued as a nutritional food. Head of broccoli after ... Broccoli grows best in areas with full sun and well-drained, fertile soils. Avoid sandy and poorly drained ...

  8. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Fruit Trees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-06

    water. The longer the period or periods of soil saturation, the greater the risk of infection. Some ... Heavy, wet soils that remain saturated for extended periods of time are required for disease development. ... Above-ground symptoms vary between tree species, but generally include reduced tree vigor and growth, yellowing ...

  9. Natural Organic Lawn Care

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-4031

    performed at a soil-testing lab. Most tests will measure pH and various nutrient levels. Also included will ... amounts of the nutrients plants need. A useful tool in the assessment of soil quality is a soil test ... tests are usually available as an option and measure the percentage of organic matter in the soil. In ...

  10. Using °Brix as an Indicator of Vegetable Quality: Linking Measured Values to Crop Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-1651

    often significant and immediate impacts on vegetable °Brix levels. In contrast, soil and crop nutrient ... timing or soil moisture levels also affect °Brix but in ways that may complicate management decisions. ... Production factors such as temperature and light levels and soil moisture and fertility status influence crop ...

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