Pulsed Electric Field Processing Applications in the Food Industry
field (PEF) processing is a new food pasteurization method that uses short bursts of high voltage ... Does PEF Work? PEF processing applies high voltage pulses (20–80 kV/cm) with a duration of milliseconds ... to microseconds to treat liquid foods placed between two electrodes (Zhang et al. 2010; Toepfl, ...
Strategies for Coping with Parasite Larvae on Pastures in the Springtime in Ohio
a high-risk practice in the absence of refugia. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 57 (6), 359–363. ... drying by soil moisture and organic debris from late fall through the winter, significant numbers of them ... ewes usually fall rapidly to low levels as the ewe's immune system returns to normal. As a result, ...
What is Wild?! How intensive training practices for the African wild dog and cheetah are influencing wildlife management strategies around the world
and larger scale breeding centers and safari parks. He serves on several national level committees for ...
COVID-19 and Deer Hunting Pathogen Safety
sites showed both SARS-CoV-2 RNA (Hale et al. 2022), and between 6–40% of the deer had antibodies to the ... hunters should be aware of the possible risk of white-tailed deer COVID-19 transmission to humans. ... reduce your risk of coming into contact with pathogens transmitted through respiratory droplets. ...
Crop Estimation of Grapes
varieties. Most varieties reach 50% of their berry weight when GDD range between 1,000 and 1,700; this ... winegrape varieties* Variety GDD50 Chardonnay 1,070 Pinot noir 1,140 Pinot gris 1,150 Cabernet franc 1,170 ... on the grape variety and lasts between 4 to 10 weeks. Stage II Stage II is often described as ...
Interpreting Manure Sample Test Results
per acre or 10 ppm, and a potassium soil test level of 50 pounds per acre or 25 ppm with a CEC of 20 ... determine the crop’s needs. The soil test will contain the current levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and ... with a yield goal of 180 bushels per acre and the field has a phosphorus soil test level of 20 pounds ...
Fusarium Head Blight Forecasting System
Red indicates high risk for scab exceeding 10% severity, yellow indicates moderate risk, while green ... indicates low risk. High scab risk is associated with high risk for grain contamination with vomitoxin, but ... reducing grain yield, test weight and grain quality. More importantly, F. graminearum produces mycotoxins, ...
tissue. While rare, orange spore masses can form on the shell lesions during prolonged periods of high ... turgid, the tissue is healthy. The squeeze test works only on fresh chestnuts that are fully hydrated. On ... parents in seedling orchards. Table 1. Level of anthracnose incidence in commercially grown chestnut ...
Sprayers for Effective Pesticide Application in Orchards and Vineyards
environmentally friendly application of pesticides. A much higher-level decision-making process is required when ... the required gallonage (gal/acre) to the nozzles. Ensure that hoses and fittings between the pump and ... characteristics (height, depth, density). The width of the distance between rows of canopy. The size of the area ...
Opportunities for Teens
Horseman Horse Sportsmanship Award Scholarships Graduating Seniors in high school can apply for (some ...