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  1. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/vme-1037

    decreasing the risk to humans. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Avian influenza A viruses are ... classified as low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A viruses and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) ... causes severe disease and death. Both low and high pathogenic viruses can spread rapidly within a flock. ...

  2. Guidelines for Applying Liquid Animal Manure to Cropland with Subsurface and Surface Drains

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ANR-21

    crumbs on surface in some places. 27,000 gallons/acre 25–50% or Less Soil Moisture Amount to Reach AWC ... 30,000 gallons/acre Somewhat pliable; balls under pressure. 20,000 gallons/acre 50–75% Soil Moisture ... moisture levels that are near or exceeding the soil water holding capacity. The addition of liquid manure ...

  3. Precision Agriculture Tools for On-Farm Research

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-558

    between treatments are a result of the treatments tested and not just random chance. Data summary can ... question can be tested effectively, available equipment, equipment size, technology control capabilities, ... considered. For instance, if testing different fertilizer rates within a pass or area, the time it takes to ...

  4. Current Sanitation Practices for Leafy Green Vegetables For Processors, Retailers and Consumers

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/aex-261

    highest safety risk. Understanding the individual unit operations in fresh produce processing will lead to ... harvesting. Equipment used to remove the produce from the soil must be sharp, and handling must be done with ... to remove and potentially to reduce bacteria contracted from the soil, harvesting equipment or human ...

  5. Hydrothermal Carbonization: Upgrading Waste Biomass to Char

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-6622

    time ranging from 0.5 to 8 hours [1,2]. The major advantage of HTC over other high temperature ... a good medium for heat transfer in HTC, but if variability in the feedstock particle size is too large ... compounds). These reactions occur under high temperature and pressure and play a vital role in lowering the ...

  6. Growing Peppers in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1618

    season. Ideally, soil should be well drained and contain high organic matter. However, peppers can thrive ... between 100,000 and 350,000 on the Scoville scale, an index of pepper spiciness. Photo by Dave Horvath. ... transplant roots.   Fertilizing Before the growing season, a soil test is recommended. This will help ...

  7. Blackberry Production Systems in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-0104

    production systems are: rotatable cross-arm trellis (RCA TM) hedge row in open field high tunnel ... Cross-Arm (RCA) System The rotatable cross-arm trellis (RCA) system is considered a high-input, high ... disadvantages to the RCA system: high costs of establishment steep learning curve high labor requirement The ...

  8. Ohio Data that Shaped the Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-518

    that very low soil test levels require high fertilizer rates, but as soil test levels increase, our ... able to answer the question, “At what soil test level should I apply fertilizer to see a yield ... response?” To answer this question, we need to establish a critical soil test level.  For each trial, we ...

  9. Remote Sensing in Precision Agriculture

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-5541

    versus hyperspectral); and spatial (high, medium and low), temporal (hourly, daily and weekly) and ... for UAVs images include high overlap (approximately 80% frontal overlap and 60% side overlap) between ... provides the tools and technologies to identify in-field soil and crop variability, offering a means to ...

  10. Physical Properties of Granular Fertilizers and Impact on Spreading

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-5501

    equates to a SGN = 150. Using sieves, once can interpret a SGN of 150 as 50% of particles were retained on ... increases, leading to high risk of product segregation during spreading. Table 1 provides the following SGN ... percentile level, respectively, for a sample     d 50  = the median diameter for a sample UI (uniformity ...

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