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  1. Canning Basics

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5338

    Fahrenheit is not high enough to destroy botulinum bacteria. If botulinum bacteria survive and grow inside ... feet, boil foods 11 minutes. Food Acidity The acidity level, or pH, of foods determines whether they ... jellies made from fruit. (In pickling, the acid level is increased by adding lemon juice, citric acid or ...

  2. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Fruit Trees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-06

    water. The longer the period or periods of soil saturation, the greater the risk of infection. Some ... Heavy, wet soils that remain saturated for extended periods of time are required for disease development. ... Above-ground symptoms vary between tree species, but generally include reduced tree vigor and growth, yellowing ...

  3. Natural Organic Lawn Care

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-4031

    performed at a soil-testing lab. Most tests will measure pH and various nutrient levels. Also included will ... amounts of the nutrients plants need. A useful tool in the assessment of soil quality is a soil test ... tests are usually available as an option and measure the percentage of organic matter in the soil. In ...

  4. Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-126

    said to be at a given growth stage when approximately 50 percent of the primary tillers reach that ... significant event in achieving high yields is stand establishment, i.e, the number of plants or tillers per ... phosphorus (P) and soil pH above 6.0 are needed for good root and tiller development. Feekes 3.0: Tillers ...

  5. Crimson Clover as a Cover Crop in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-0129

    Preferred soil pH: 5.5–7.0 Table 1. Rating the traits of cover crop crimson clover. Heat tolerance Good ... efotg.sc.egov.usda.gov/#/state/OH/documents/section=4&folder=-6. Performance Dry matter = 3,500–5,500 lb. per acre, per year. Biomass quantity is highly dependent ... on planting/termination dates and precipitation. Total nitrogen (N) = 70–150 lb. of N per acre (not ...

  6. Targeting a Healthier Diet

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SS-123

    second quality is that a person has few disease risk factors. For example, high blood pressure is a risk ... Minerals are stored in the body and therefore can be harmful if consumed at high levels. The major minerals ... current level of physical activity To be healthy, a person should eat a balanced diet consisting of ...

  7. Lady Beetles

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ENT-45

    or shape of the spots may vary slightly between individuals of the same species. Be sure to also ... 10 to 50 on undersides of leaves. Life Cycle and Habits The length of the life cycle varies depending ... find food, then lay from 50 to 300 eggs in her lifetime, typically in aphid colonies. Eggs hatch in ...

  8. Calcium

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5506

    groups at high risk for not obtaining enough calcium in their diets. These groups include those on ... calcium over a lifetime may lead to less dense bones, increased risk of osteoporosis, and increased risk ... 700 mg Children 4-8 years 1000 mg Youth 9-18 years 1300 mg Adults 19-50 1000 mg Adult men 51-70 1000 ...

  9. Determining Grape Maturity and Fruit Sampling

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-1436

    measure total soluble solids) which represents grams of sugars per 100 grams of juice. Levels between 18 ... levels generally fall between 0.6 and 0.8 grams of titratable acids/100 mL (%TA) at harvest. TA is ... optimum fruit maturity, which is a balance between the two methods. Sampling methods are also described. ...

  10. Points to Consider Before Starting a Hops Operation

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-58

    quality and discharge volume. Because deep-well irrigation water may have high alkaline levels ... — Soil testing is essential to successful hops production. Have your soil analyzed by a reputable soil ... planting. Hops are very deep rooted, so soil should be tested to a depth of at least 7 to 12 inches. The ...

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