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  1. Pulsed Electric Field Processing Applications in the Food Industry

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fst-fabe-1002

    field (PEF) processing is a new food pasteurization method that uses short bursts of high voltage ... Does PEF Work? PEF processing applies high voltage pulses (20–80 kV/cm) with a duration of milliseconds ... to microseconds to treat liquid foods placed between two electrodes (Zhang et al. 2010; Toepfl, ...

  2. The Biology of Soil Compaction

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-10

    flourishing bacteria populations that thrive on high oxygen levels in the soil and the release of nutrients in ... impact on bare soil and natural gravity combine to compact soils. Low organic matter levels make the soil ... binds microaggregates and macroaggregates in the soil. Low organic matter levels make the soil more ...

  3. Sustainable Crop Rotations with Cover Crops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-9

    Quality/Grants, Extension Educator, Ohio State University Extension Rafiq Islam, Soil and Water Specialist, Ohio ... nutrient leaching; increased water infiltration; improved soil biodiversity; weed control and disease ... suppression; increased carbon sequestration and maximum nutrient recycling; improved air, soil, and water ...

  4. 4-H Camps

    https://fairfield.osu.edu/program-areas/4-h-youth-development/fairfield-county-4-h-camp

    $100 $50 $50 Daily, 9:00 a.m. Daily,   4:00 p.m. Cloverbud Camp June 8 K,1,2 $50 $25 $25 Saturday, June ... money were difficult to find.  She knew the importance of school, did very well in high school, and was ...

  5. Developing Phosphorus and Potassium Recommendations for Field Crops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AGF-515

    + (0.05 x CEC))] + (YP x CR) + 20 CL is the critical level (100 ppm at a CEC of 10), STL is the soil test ... test results are based on soil calibration studies that correlate soil test levels to crop yield ... crop (buildup stage). Once soil test values reach the critical soil test level, a maintenance approach ...

  6. Using Pasture Measurement to Improve Your Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/11-HCS-868

    of plants that is highly variable. To overcome the variability, many samples must be taken in order ... also need to know how much is being consumed. If we had 50 dairy cows weighing 1,100 pounds each, and ... growing. By taking the difference between the two measurements and dividing it by the number of days ...

  7. Agritourism Law

    https://farmoffice.osu.edu/law-library/agritourism-law

    U.S.- Hall and Essman, 2020. Reducing Risk in Agritourism Law Bulletin Series Farm Animals and People: ...

  8. Herbicide Injury and the Problem of Spray Drift

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-0137

    but it has a high degree of uptake from the soil and is very persistent. Grape injury has been ... vineyard. Injury, however, may occur if the spray rate is too high when these herbicides are applied to soil ... may provide an acceptable level of weed control while minimizing the risk of severe grape injury as ...

  9. Raw Oat Safety

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fcs-1006

    with minimal risk to the consumer. Steel cut oats and oat groats are not subject to the additional heat ... diet: a persistent risk for celiac patients References Food Network. (2021). What Are Rolled Oats? ...

  10. Establishing Early Successional Habitat for Wildlife

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/w-23

    the area to plant, take a soil sample to determine present nutrient levels and the need for additional ... establishment and growth. If your soil test indicates a need for lime, apply it before the soil is tilled so it ... applied at planting based on soil test recommendations. Nitrogen (N) should not be applied at planting ...

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