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  1. Meat Goat Production and Budgeting

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/14

    the herd). Kiko goats (weighing roughly twice the weight of feral goats) are capable of high levels of ... improved type. The Boer goat has a good conformation with high growth and fertility rates. In the late ... United States from Australia and New Zealand. A mature Boer buck weighs between 240 and 300 pounds, and ...

  2. Ammonia Emission from Animal Feeding Operations and Its Impacts

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-723.1

    50 ppm, increased levels of keratoconjunctivitis and tracheitis have been observed. These trachea and ... causes high ammonia levels inside animal production buildings, especially in winter months when the ... concentrations. People begin to detect odors at 5–50 ppm. Irritation to mucous surfaces occurs at 100–500 ppm ...

  3. Interpreting a Soil Test Report

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-0514

    suitability to grow a chosen crop. Phosphorous and potassium soil test levels help us know if fertilizer is ... values is needed if they are not reported as ppm using a Mehlich 3 soil test. Soil test values reported ... in pounds per acre are converted to ppm by dividing pounds per acre by 2. If phosphorus soil test ...

  4. What To Do When Your Freezer Stops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5357

    for an upright model. High room temperatures (above 85 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit). Initial freezer ... can have a test bag on each shelf. If there is a power outage, you will know if the interior ... on hand that will permit you to determine the temperature of the food or of the test packet mentioned ...

  5. Secondary Injury Prevention: Heat Stress

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-981.4-10

    disease, and taking certain medications can be at higher risk to a heat stress injury. The most serious are ... Include: Heat stroke • The body's temperature rises to critical levels. • Confusion, irrational ... behavior, loss of consciousness, convulsions, lack of sweating, hot dry skin, and abnormally high body ...

  6. Listeria monocytogenes: A Concern for Pregnant Women and Older Adults

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5562

    than many other bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli, and will grow at temperatures as high as 140 ... to 150 degrees Fahrenheit  (60 to 65 degrees Celsius). Listeria will not survive pasteurization or ... come from? Listeria monocytogenes has been found in soil, leaf litter, sewage, silage, dust and water. ...

  7. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ent-90

    marmorated stink bug can be found at high density in crops and buildings in some areas, but is often found at ... soon was found in high populations in soybeans. Unusually large populations caused devastating damage ... pest is likely to continue invading agricultural land, and will pose a risk to crops as it continues to ...

  8. Soil Testing for Ohio Lawns, Landscapes, Fruit Crops, and Vegetable Gardens

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1132

    soil test will provide information on soil pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), lime requirement index ... Natural Resources Soil tests provide more helpful information on soils than any other resource. It is an ... vegetable gardens and fruit crops. Soil test results pinpoint plant nutrient needs and soil test lab ...

  9. Pulsed Electric Field Processing Applications in the Food Industry

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fst-fabe-1002

    field (PEF) processing is a new food pasteurization method that uses short bursts of high voltage ... Does PEF Work? PEF processing applies high voltage pulses (20–80 kV/cm) with a duration of milliseconds ... to microseconds to treat liquid foods placed between two electrodes (Zhang et al. 2010; Toepfl, ...

  10. The Biology of Soil Compaction

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-10

    flourishing bacteria populations that thrive on high oxygen levels in the soil and the release of nutrients in ... impact on bare soil and natural gravity combine to compact soils. Low organic matter levels make the soil ... binds microaggregates and macroaggregates in the soil. Low organic matter levels make the soil more ...

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