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  1. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-2073

    small mammals. Adult ticks feed on a wide variety of medium to large size mammals such as opossums, ... a dog's body. However, adult ticks typically attach on the dog's ears and between its toes, whereas ... should be routinely tested for exposure to tick-borne diseases at annual checkups, but immediately if ...

  2. Sour Rot Disorder of Grape

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-50

    contributing to the spread of sour rot within and between clusters.  Sour rot risk is greatest when the amount ... As the temperature decreases, so does the risk of sour rot. At temperatures below 50 °F the risk of ... PLPATH-FRU-50 Agriculture and Natural Resources 04/13/2021 Melanie Lewis Ivey, Associate ...

  3. Calibrating Boom Sprayers for Forestry Herbicide Application

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-529

    bring the error margin between the new and the old nozzle within 10 percent of the new nozzle flow rate, ... a four-nozzle boom deliver 42, 47, 50, and 56 ounces/minute (OPM) at 40 PSI spray pressure. The nozzle catalog ... indicates that a new nozzle of the same type and capacity has a flow rate of 50 OPM at the same spray ...

  4. Abate Animal Heat Stress in Hot Weather

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-151

    convective, radiative and evaporative heat transfer processes such as touching cool surfaces, exposure to high ... greater than 50 percent. Table 1 summarizes the body temperatures and comfort zones (surrounding ... Temperatures Comfort Zones Layers 105–109.4°F 55–70°F Pigs 101.6–103.6°F 50–70°F Cows 98–102.8°F 40–60°F Figure ...

  5. Freezing and Canning Venison

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5367

    reducing the risk of food borne illnesses caused by pathogens such as E.coli, Salmonella, and Toxoplasma. ... between 34 F and 37 F from seven to 14 days for the process. DO NOT AGE meat harvested during warm weather ... should avoid eating meat from deer and elk that look sick or test positive for chronic wasting disease.” ...

  6. Septic Tank: Soil Treatment System

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/aex-743

    not served by a public sewer must treat and disperse wastewater on the lot. Septic tanks with soil ... settable and floatable solids from the wastewater to protect the soil from clogging. The soil under the ... groundwater or surface water.   Septic tank soil treatment systems require a suitable soil depth of at least ...

  7. The Gastrointestinal Tract of the Horse

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/1022

    in fat digestion. Amazingly, horses can digest and absorb relatively high levels of fat in their ... (target 2 g/kg BW) Kg Lb Traditional sweet or pelleted feeds “high starch” 50–65 < 1.5–2 < 3.3–4.4 ... Once swallowed, the food passes through the pharynx—a short, funnel-shaped, muscular tube between the ...

  8. Ammonia Emission from Animal Feeding Operations and Its Impacts

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-723.1

    50 ppm, increased levels of keratoconjunctivitis and tracheitis have been observed. These trachea and ... causes high ammonia levels inside animal production buildings, especially in winter months when the ... concentrations. People begin to detect odors at 5–50 ppm. Irritation to mucous surfaces occurs at 100–500 ppm ...

  9. Secondary Injury Prevention: Understanding Concussions

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-981.11-11

    concussions with athletics or sporting events, but due to the nature of the work, farmers are at a high risk ... a concussion. Additional risk factors include working with livestock, working with heavy tools and equipment, ... fall Preventing a Concussion To reduce the risk of head trauma and prevent a concussion consider these ...

  10. Drones for Spraying Pesticides—Opportunities and Challenges

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-540

    likely to cause a significant level of soil compaction resulting in reduced crop yield. Spot spraying, ... increasing interest in drone spraying and the high level of public demand for relaxation of current rules and ... data points: soil characteristics (type, moisture content, and nutrient content) location of drainage ...

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